In this paper, we dissect how the construction of the index helps to achieve its objective and examine how each of the construction criteria affects characteristics and return.
In this paper, we explore how a stylized, factor-based framework could be applied to equity markets in Latin America and whether performance can vary in different Latin American countries.
Most active managers fail most of the time, at least if we define failure as underperformance of an appropriate passive benchmark. Success, when it does occur, tends not to persist.
Given the success of strategies that exploit single factors, it is not surprising that strategies designed to exploit more than one factor have begun to pique the interest of market participants. If two factors work independently, they might also work well in combination.
Is it wise to rely solely on the performance of one factor or, if not, what multi-factor approaches could be considered and how effective are they?
Explore an analysis of the required returns of stock and bond sectors to understand potential weighting opportunities within each asset class and to find the relative value between asset classes within each sector.
The Chinese government appears to be committed to continuing structural reforms and supporting economic growth. Initiatives with these goals in mind are generally viewed as positive and may put China on a more sustainable growth trajectory in the long run.
In recent years, income-seeking market participants have shown increased interest in buy-write strategies that exchange upside potential for upfront option premium.
The S&P Target Date Scorecard provides performance comparisons, equal- and asset-weighted category averages, and analytics covering the target date fund (TDF) universe.
The widespread adoption of the low volatility strategies by retail and institutional market participants to gain exposure to the factor indicates that low-risk investing is here to stay. It is important that market participants understand the fundamental differences between the two established forms of low-risk index construction: rankings based versus optimization based.
A number of key developments are likely to shape environmental, social, and governance (ESG) trends over the course of 2017. Managing these transitions and the deeply interconnected risks they entail will require long-term thinking, investment, and international cooperation.
This is the second installment of a two-part empirical paper exploring the interaction between Japanese yen exchange rates and forward-looking Japanese Government Bond (JGB) volatility as measured by the S&P/JPX JGB VIX.
With an increasing number of smart beta strategies focused on the same risk factor, examining factor efficiency is one way to judge how much intended factor exposure market participants are obtaining.
Explore the interaction between Japanese yen exchange rates and forward-looking Japanese Government Bond (JGB) volatility as measured by the S&P/JPX JGB VIX. This paper analyzes the economic interaction between interest rate volatility and FX returns and presents basic but novel empirical insights linking the two.
While traditional high dividend payers have performed strongly in recent years, they have become quite expensive by most valuation metrics. The previous low-interest-rate environment paved the way for many of these businesses to load up on debt to expand their operations, while continuing to pay high dividends. As a result, many of these companies may come under pressure when rates rise.
The existence of factor risk premia is well established in the global market. A factor can be thought of as an element that helps to explain the source of risk/return characteristics of a portfolio.
Low volatility strategies, as the name suggests, typically perform well in times of market instability. Challenging traditional capital asset pricing theory, they have also outperformed their benchmarks over time despite exhibiting lower risk.
A variable annuity with risk control provides caps and floors to the performance of the underlying investment options.
The long-term returns of active funds and their relationship to passive alternatives have been the subject of celebrated studies, famous bets, and endless debate. But returns are only one part of the picture; proponents of active investing increasingly emphasize their capacity for risk management, as opposed to return generation.
Extreme stock market volatility between 2000 and 2010 produced flat returns and led to what many have referred to as a ‘lost decade’. Annualized volatility for the S&P 500® has averaged about 20% since 2000, compared with 14% in the 1990s.
Dividends play an important role in generating equity total return. Since 1926, dividends have contributed approximately one-third of total return for the S&P 500®, while capital appreciations have contributed two-thirds. Therefore, sustainable dividend income and capital appreciation potential are important factors for total return expectations.